Internet resources for Sinology which I find particularly helpful or interesting. This list will be updated occasionally. Suggestions are welcome.


  • Pleco, best Chinese-dictionary smartphone app, for Apple and Android; app is free, but more specialized dictionaries must be purchased; includes Hànyǔ dà cídiǎn 漢語大詞典 (the OED of Chinese), Le Grand Ricci, and Paul Kroll’s A Student’s Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese.
  • 汉典 (Hàn diǎn), historical Chinese-Chinese dictionary. Recent updates have begun to replace content from the Hànyǔ dà cídiǎn 漢語大詞典 with content from the inferior Guóyǔ cídiǎn 國語辭典.
  • Le Grand Ricci, encyclopedic Chinese-French dictionary.
  • Digital Dictionary of Buddhism, edited by Charles Muller (University of Tokyo).
  • Fóguāng dà cídiǎn 佛光大辭典, reliable Chinese-Chinese Buddhist dictionary
  • Yīntōng 音通, by David Prager Branner (Columbia University & City College of New York), for reconstructions of Middle Chinese.
  • Digital Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese, by Jeff Tharsen (University of Chicago), which digitizes a variety of historical linguists’ reconstructions of Early and Middle Chinese.
  • The Baxter-Sagart reconstruction of Old Chinese, by William H. Baxter (University of Michigan) and Laurent Sagart (Centre de recherches linguistiques sur l’Asie orientale). The most widely-used reconstruction of Old and Middle Chinese in the West. Version 1.1 (Sept 2014) currently available for viewing and download.
  • 小學堂 (Xiǎoxué táng), by Academia Sinica, collection of philological resources.
  • Unihan Database, for typing obscure characters.
  • CHISE IDS 漢字検索 (Kanji kensaku), also for typing obscure characters.
  • 书法字典 (Shūfǎ zìdiǎn), database of Chinese calligraphy, searchable by character.

Learning Classical Chinese

Textual Databases


Classical Chinese Poetry

  • Sōuyùn 搜韻, extensive collection of texts and tools related to classical Chinese poetry. Includes biographies of poets, interpretations of poems (from both classic shīhuà 詩話 and modern criticism), rhyming dictionaries, allusion dictionaries, and collections of critical essays. Fully integrated with the encyclopedic dictionary Hànyǔ dà cídiǎn 漢語大詞典. Generally free of the errors found in other free text databases, this is my go-to site for quick lookup of classical poetry.
  • Forum on Chinese Poetic Culture
  • LibriVox, Three Hundred Tang Poems, the famous anthology Three Hundred Táng Poems (Tángshī sānbǎishǒu 唐詩三百首) sung or read aloud in various Chinese dialects, including Mandarin, Hokkien, Taiwanese, Cantonese, and Hakka.
  • 大家來吟詩 (Dàjiā lái yínshī), recordings of medieval Chinese poetry sung in Taiwanese.

Amateur Translation Websites

Note: I do not attest to the accuracy of any translations in the following websites. I include them here out of a love of the interpretive and aesthetic risks that amateur translators are more willing to take than professionals.

Professional Organizations

Digital Humanities / Data Visualization

  • Palladio, from the Humanities+Design team at Stanford. Includes network-mapping, timeline, and geographic tools. Online interface, requires minimal training.
  • Raw, suite of open-source vector-based visualization tools based on d3js. Online interface, requires minimal training.
  • Datawrapper, easy-to-use, browser-based tool for creating interactive online charts.
  • Gephi, network-mapping and -analysis software with some algorithms for calculating network metrics.
  • Cytoscape, network-mapping and -analysis software, similar to Gephi in some ways. See the tutorials by Miriam Posner.
  • Networks Demystified by Scott Weingart. Excellent series of blog posts on the limits of network analysis for humanistic inquiry.
  • QGIS, open-source software for geographical information systems (GIS). Perhaps the most popular GIS software in use. A bit of a learning curve.
  • Open Refine, excellent for data standardization, originally developed by Google.
  • Programming Historian, relatively pain-free tutorials of various digital humanities tools. All tutorials are peer-reviewed for evaluation of accessibility.
  • Digital Humanities – A Primer, introduction to some of the fundamental themes and approaches of Digital Humanities, by the students of DIGH5000 at Carleton University, taught by Shawn Graham
  • RegexOne, one of many tutorials for regular expressions, a sophisticated method for searching digital texts.
  • Markus, online text-markup created for annotating classical Chinese texts.
  • Voyant, word analysis software. A very simple tool at heart, but has many useful visualization platforms.
  • Taiwan Digital Humanities, suite of tools for text analysis developed by leading experts in Taiwan. Interface is mostly in traditional Chinese.
  • Interactive Data Visualization for the Web by Scott Murray. An introduction to D3 and Javascript as media for creative dynamic visualizations of data, designed for beginners. E-book is free (at least, as of January 2017).
  • Hacking the Humanities by Paul Vierthaler (Leiden University). Series of tutorial videos introducing the basics of Python as it applies to the study of literature and history.

Academic Job Search


Blogs, Podcasts, etc.

Last updated: June 2019.